Breed Category: Northern
Country of Origin: Greenland
Average Size: 54-65 cm (at the withers)
Average Weight: 30-33 kg
Average Life Span: 12-14 years
Grooming Requirements: Low
Exercise Requirements: High
The Greenland Dog is an ancient breed with a long history of hunting animals in harsh Arctic conditions. This breed, closely resembling a husky, is thought to have roots in Greenland that date back at least 4,000 years, though its ancestors have likely inhabited the Arctic region for even longer. It is commonly referred to as the Greenland Husky.
In its native Greenland, this breed is kept specifically for work. It is beloved for its endurance and speed. When it is not pulling sleds or hunting animals, the average Greenland Dog spends much of its time in captivity, chained or kept in a fenced yard. The breed makes a loyal dog, though its primary purpose should be that of a working dog rather than a companion.
The Greenland Dog is rare and remains most well-known in Arctic regions. The physical and mental traits of this hardy breed have remained largely unchanged since ancient times.
The Greenland Dog is a large, stocky breed with thick, sturdy legs. It has a distinctly husky-like appearance, with short, thick fur and a curly tail to help keep it warm in cold weather. Its ears are triangular and erect and its eyes are dark, small and rather close-set.
The double coat of this breed consists of one or more of the following colours: white, sandy, gray, black and brown. Rarer variations may also be seen, as the colours for this breed are unrestricted. Its undercoat is soft and thick, providing great insulation during extreme temperatures. Its outer coat is longer and weather-resistant, helping it to stay warm and dry in cold climates.
The average Greenland Dog is 54-65 cm in height and 30-33 kg in weight.
Greenland Dogs are very driven by their work and perform best as part of a team. As a result, they develop a clear pack mentality and are happiest when spending time with other dogs rather than humans. It requires extensive socialisation and training in order to become a companion dog, though even then it needs a clear job with responsibilities.
Its most common role is that of a sled dog, though it has also historically been used to hunt sea and land animals such as seal.
This dog’s appearance and personality make it well-suited for life outdoors. It does best with lots of space and is not the best choice for those who live in a city or flat. The Greenland Dog is very energetic and prefers physical activity with fellow dogs to time spent alone. Care should be taken to ensure that this breed has proper rest, nutrition and hydration, which will help it excel in a working role.
The Greenland Dog and its ancestors have survived thousands of years in extreme weather conditions, so the breed is remarkably resilient. This breed is not plagued by genetic conditions and it is largely healthy. Work related injuries, such as strained muscles, are its most common health problem.
The average Greenland Dog lives to be 12-14 years of age.