Breed Category: Sporting
Country of Origin: France
Average Size: 43-50 cm (at the withers)
Average Weight: 25-40 kg
Average Life Span: 11-13 years
Grooming Requirements: High
Exercise Requirements: Medium
The Clumber Spaniel was developed in France in the 1700s, bred for its hunting capabilities. It is specifically trained to hunt large birds such as pheasants.
This breed is thought to be a descendent of the Basset Hound, other spaniel breeds and perhaps the Saint Bernard. It is named after Clumber Park in Nottinghamshire, Great Britain. A French duke moved his spaniels to Great Britain at the beginning of the French Revolution for safekeeping. They were kept at Clumber Park during this relocation.
While the breed originated in France, many feel that it was truly developed in Great Britain since that was where the breed grew in popularity. It was kept by British royalty in the 1800s and the Clumber Spaniel could be found in the United States and Canada by the mid 1800s.
This breed is known for its long, white coat, which may also feature reddish brown markings or freckles. Its coat is known to shed, so regular grooming is necessary. Trimming may be needed on the feet or near the eyes to prevent overgrowth.
The Clumber Spaniel has a long, thick body with strong, short legs. The strength in its legs and body give it the ability to work long hours with a hunter. The dog is an average of 43-50 cm high and 25-40 kg in weight. Its stocky weight is a testament to its strength.
The eyes of this breed appear a little droopy and are generally golden brown in colour, giving it a soft and kind expression. It has large ears that hang low on either side of its head. Docking of the tail was common with this breed, though it is no longer permitted in many countries, including Australia.
The Clumber Spaniel is a beloved hunting dog, as it is enthusiastic and patient in its work. When this breed is off-duty or kept primarily as a family dog, it is affectionate and devoted. It has a friendly, even-tempered disposition that makes it a great match for families with children and other animals. It may be shy with strangers, but generally warms up quickly.
This breed enjoys activities that will provide mental and physical stimulation. It enjoys long walks and has great stamina, though it does not require as much physical activity as some other breeds. It enjoys playing and will often carry around a stuffed animal or another toy in its mouth.
This breed is known for its drooling, which does not necessarily indicate a health concern. Similarly, the Clumber Spaniel is known to snore.
There are a number of health conditions that may afflict the Clumber Spaniel. It may experience hip dysplasia, which is common in dogs. When this breed is a puppy, it may experience temporary loss of mobility due to its rapidly growing body. The breed is also susceptible to a herniated spinal disc.
Due to its heavy coat and genetic makeup, the Clumber Spaniel has sensitivity to heat, so care should be taken to ensure that the dog is kept cool and well-hydrated during warmer seasons.
The average Clumber Spaniel has a lifespan of 11-13 years.