Breed Category: Herding
Country of Origin: Czech Republic
Average Size: 60-70 cm (at the withers)
Average Weight: 20-30 kg
Average Life Span: 11-14 years
Grooming Requirements: Medium
Exercise Requirements: High
The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is a new canine breed that has only been in existence since the mid 1900s. In creating this breed, German Shepherds were bred with wolves in an effort to produce a dog that possessed the disposition and obedient nature of the German Shepherd with the size and power of the wolf. The first successful cross-breeding took place in 1958.
Since its creation, the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog has been used in a number of working roles in its native Czech Republic, including herding, tracking and search and rescue. Though its history is short, the breed has become well-established throughout the Czech Republic and other countries around the world.
Though the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is the descendent of German Shepherds and wolves, its physical characteristics are mainly inherited from the wolf. It has a long and stocky body with a thick mane around its large and powerful head.
The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog’s thick double coat is generally a shade of gray, though it may possess some yellow, brown or black colouring. Its fur is long and straight like that of both the German Shepherd and the wolf. It requires regular brushing, as this breed is prone to shedding, especially during warm weather.
The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog has brown or amber eyes and large, pointy ears that are triangular in shape. Its tail is long, thick and typically carried low and slightly curved. Males are generally larger in size than females and the breed has an average weight of 20-30 kg and a height of 60-70 cm.
The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog’s temperament is inherited mainly from the German Shepherd. It is hardworking, brave and dedicated when it is in working mode. It is an adaptable breed that excels in physical tasks and is tremendously athletic, which it inherits from both the German Shepherd and the wolf.
When it is not working, this breed thrives upon spending time with its owner. It forms a close bond with the people and animals with whom it lives and it is loyal and playful in nature. It has high energy, which should be directed towards something productive such as walking, jogging or another physical activity. An intelligent breed such as this also requires mental stimulation.
While the breed has been domesticated, the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog may still be reserved or suspicious when it encounters new people or animals. When training begins early in the dog’s life, aggressive or unfriendly behaviours are more easily discouraged. Though the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is intelligent, it can be a fiercely independent breed with a mind of its own, which further emphasises the need for obedience training.
The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog’s short history does not include many health problems, as genetic conditions are often caused by generations of poor breeding. It does extremely well in cooler climates and may experience heat sensitivity if it spends too much time outside during warm weather.
This hardy breed is mainly at risk for conditions that affect other dog breeds as well, such as hip dysplasia. The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog lives an average of 11-14 years, which is longer than one might expect of a dog this size.