Breed Type: Terrier / Herding
Country of Origin: Hungary
Size: Small to small/medium
Males 41 to 47cm high at the withers and weight 11 to 15kg
Females 38 to 44cm at the withers and weight to 9 to13kg
Temperament: Highly active, terrier like
Best suited to: high activity family or as a working dog
Lifespan: 12 to 15 years
Care requirements: Medium
Exercise requirements: High
The Pumi (not to be confused with the Puli) is was bred as a utility farm dog in Hungary was expected to act as both herding dog herding cows and strangely enough, pigs – but also as a vermin catcher. They were thus bred to have both herding and terrier traits.
They are very popular in farming and dog showing circles in Hungary, they have been exported across Europe at the end of the 20th century made their way to the USA
The Hungarian Pumi has a two layered coat, which consists of a harsh topcoat with a soft insulating undercoat for warmth. The coat does not shed and continually grows much like the coat of the poodle so they require trimming every few months.
Most often they are grey are becoming varying shades of grey. Puppies are born black gradually lightening to Gray as adults this process starting at around eight weeks of age. Puppies will generally take on the colouring of their parents. Occasionally black, white, or yellow brown individuals are seen in these colours though rare are acceptable to the breed standard. Some working varieties are seen different colours however they are prohibited from being shown.
They are best known their trademark expressive ears which a mobile and indicative of their mood. The tips of areas being down giving them and inquisitive appearance.
The builders Square and they are athletically built without being heavily muscled. The head is long and narrow they have a muzzle which is almost half the length of their head and of equal proportion to the length of the neck. When viewed from the side their skull is noticeably flat. The rise dark and small, the small size accentuated by the curly fur on their face. Typically of a dog bred to herd and catch vermin they are lively, bouncy and energetic.
As their coat is virtually shedding free they require only light brushing to remove tangles. As our active outdoor dogs will need to check their first occurs in grass seeds which can cause irritation, and for foreign elements that may lodge between the toes.
They are a highly active intelligent breed and need lots of exercise. They are not suited as an indoor dog or an apartment dog they need a large yard or preferably even a farm or property life.
though a relatively small dog inside beats the heart of a much larger livestock guardian dog and they often see the role in the family is one of protector and they can be standoffish and reserved towards strangers. It is most important to ensure that early socialisation with other people and dogs in or to ward off the undesirable trait of overly protective aggression. Though very intelligent and easy to train. They are a bundle of energy and tend to accompany their activities with barking.
Bred in a tough climate with a tough job to do the Hungarian Pumi is exceptionally healthy breed of dog with life expectancy averaging around 14 years the individuals living much longer than this are common. To potential to medical problems the breed can it experience a canine hip and elbow dysplasia and patella luxation.
You can likely avoid seeing these conditions take hold in your new puppy by accessing the health records of the parent and getting the puppies had scored. Of course ensure your puppy is never put in the position where it is encouraged to jump from height as this will lead to hip the elbow problems in later life.
initially bred as a herding dog are now more often seen in performance based dog shows such as dog agility obedience even trick performing. Whilst it is the larger livestock guardian breeds such as the St Benard that come to mind when one pictures a certain rescue dog, their interested please their high levels of insurance their intelligence and their excellent sense of smell has led them to be bred a search and rescue dogs as well is drug and explosive detection dogs in airports.
They are also able to compete in herding events though they usually only compete in a class of their own to do their small size.
Was the have been exported to other countries it is in Hungary with their popularity remains the strongest. Some individuals are registered each year in Sweden and Finland as well is in the US but even in those countries that are considered exceptionally rare. There is now a Hungarian Pumi club in the USA. They are rare but not unheard of in Australia though individuals cost in excess of one thousand dollars