A little known sport horse is the Weilkopolski or the Polish warmblood. It is a fairly rare breed that originated in Poland in the 19th century. They are a big, beautiful and refined horse, and display great grace and athleticism. They are used primarily for dressage and eventing, but they can also be driven under harness.
The Wielkopolski is still a relatively young breed as it has only been recognized since the end of the 19th century. It was developed in the country of Poland through the crossing of two other Polish Warmblood breeds which are now extinct. The breeds were the Pozan and the Masuren. The Pozan was bred at the stud farms of Posadowo, Gogolewo, and Racot. The Masuren was bred at the Liski stud farm in the Masury region. The Pozan was a mixture of Arabian, Thoroughbred, Hannovarian, and Trakehener blood and the Masuren was primarily of Trakehener breeding. The Pozan was bred and used for farm work, riding and agriculture, while the Masuren was primarily used for riding. The base of the Polish Warmblood was the cross of these two breeds, while more Thoroughbred and Arab blood was later infused to add further refinement to the new breed.
Currently the Wielkoposki is bred along two lines, one is a lighter framed horse used for riding, and one is a heavier framed horse used for driving. Both lines are of excellent temperament, and are highly trainable. They are extremely talented and athletic, and have free moving, flowing gaits that are quite comfortable to ride. They have great extension in their limbs, making them appear graceful and fluid in their movements. Their head and neck set is quite refined and has a wonderful arched appearance.
They are very attractive and stylish in appearance, with a nice straight profile and intelligent eyes. They can exhibit the qualities of both Arabs and Thoroughbreds, and tend to be tall and muscular. They have a nice slope to their shoulder, a deep and wide chest, and very powerful hindquarters. They have long legs, strong, refined bones, good joints and clean tendons. They stand between 16 and 16.2 hands, and can be any solid color.
As said before, they are used in dressage, but due to their athletic abilities, they are also used for show jumping and eventing.