Breed Category: Mastiff
Country of Origin: France
Average Size: 58-70 cm (at the withers)
Average Weight: 45-55 kg
Average Life Span: 6-8 years
Grooming Requirements: Low
Exercise Requirements: High


The Dogue de Bordeaux is a large mastiff breed that is native to France. It was bred for a variety of purposes, including hunting, fighting, labour, guarding and companionship.

This breed is thought to have influenced other mastiffs such as the Bullmastiff and Bulldog. Its size and strength allowed it to hunt larger animals such as boars and bears and it was also bred to guard homes and businesses.

Its roots date back to the Bordeaux region of France in the 1300s, though breed standards were not set until centuries later in the early 1900s. It maintains popularity in its native France, though it is also seen in other countries throughout the world such as Australia, England and the United States.


The Dogue de Bordeaux has a very powerful appearance, with a long, stocky body and a large, broad head. Its massive head is thought to be the biggest of all dog breeds. Though the Dogue de Bordeaux is large and muscular, it has a comparatively short stature because its legs aren’t very long. It weighs an average of 45-55 kg and is approximately 58-70 cm in height.

While older versions of this breed had coats that came in a number of colours and patterns, the coat of the modern Dogue de Bordeaux is short, smooth and fawn or red in colour. This breed sheds an average amount and generally requires regular brushing. It has a soft, pink nose and brown or amber eyes. Some dogs of this breed have a black mask around the mouth and eyes.


The appearance of the Dogue de Bordeaux may imply fierceness, but this breed has a kind disposition and is loyal and affectionate with its owner. It is known as gentle and patient with children, which makes it a wonderful family pet. It is an active breed with lots of energy, so a good amount of daily exercise is recommended.

This breed has a smart and stubborn personality, so it is important that it be trained to recognise its owner as its leader. It also retains the protective instincts of its ancestry, so it serves as a wonderful guard dog. Early socialisation is important to ensure that the Dogue de Bordeaux does not become aggressive towards people or other animals when it is behaving in a protective manner.


This breed may be susceptible to hip dysplasia, as are most other dog breeds. It may also be prone to heart conditions, as its large body places a heavy strain on its heart.

The Dogue de Bordeaux has a short lifespan due to its enormous size. It lives to be an average of 6-8 years old, though efforts are being made by breeders to increase its longevity.