Breed Type: Molosser
Country of Origin: Germany
Also known as : Doberman Pincer, Doberman Pincher, Dobe,Dobie,Doberman
Males: Height: 66-72 cm, Weight: 35-45kg
Females: Height61-68 cm, Weight: 26-42kg
Exercise Requirements: Medium
Care Requirements: Low
Lifespan: 10 years
Best Suited as: Family Pet / Guard Dog / Police Dog
The Dobermann is another instantly recognisable breed to most people is the stereotypical role of “don’t mess with me” guard dog has been seen over and over in many films. In truth all our certainly alert and intelligent and make excellent guard dogs they are not one of the more aggressive breeds can certainly over aggression is seen as a breed fault.
In years gone by the Dobermann was characterised by its crops tail and erect ears. In Australia however any cropping for cosmetic purposes has been banned and tails are only ever docked if it is in the medical interests of the dog to do so. The thin tail of the Dobermann often necessitates this cropping to prevent it from damage especially when they are employed as working dogs.
As with several of the German breeds they are much tall at the shoulder than the Withers. The coat is short, predominantly black with brown paws, face and ears. Other colours include solid brown or solid black.
Their build is muscular and athletic without being coarse, they are roughly as long as they are tall. Males are notably more masculine than females are still athletic and strong.
The breed owes its creation to a single man Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann who was both a tax collector and a nightwatchman in Germany around the end of the 19th century. Neither job was particularly endearing to either the public or those seeking to make mischief so he quite often took a large aggressive looking dog with him on his rounds.
Dobermann then decided to create his own breeding dogs they would have all the ideal characteristics of a guard dog, namely alertness bravery strengths intelligence, ferocity of appearance and indeed actual ferocity when required.
The breed was likely created from crossing the heavily built dogs such as the Rottweiler the German pincer. Great Danes and the Beauceron with more athletic specimens such as the greyhound and the Manchester terrier as well is a German shepherd dog to create this alert and watchful dog early specimens were far heavier of bone and generally coarser than the modern Dobermann whose lines have been refined by over 100 years of breeding to create a more aquiline shape without putting a face and finer bones.
Initially the dog was named the Doberman Pincher since the dog is decidedly un-terrierlike in appearance and demeanour(pinscher is the German word for terrier) in the middle of the 20th century the word pincher was dropped from the name.
initially bred as a working guard dogs historically the breed has in the past been bred to favour more aggressive traits. This aggression remains a fixed in the stereotypical presentation of the breed in cartoons. In modern times however they have been kept more often as family pets due to their high intelligence and trainability, then no fuss coat and their medium to large size. As a result breeders have recognised this change in popular usage for the breed and a great deal of effort has gone into removing high levels of aggression from the breed. Presently the breed is considered a low aggression breed and independent testing of the dog was shown this is the case.
Their Guardian background remains and they are easily trained to be watchful over their domain. It would be an exceedingly brave burglar who had scaled the backyard fence of a house containing a Dobermann thinking he could win it over with a smile a pat and thus make his way through the back door into the house.
They often bond closely with their family members and aloof towards strangers the day human or canine. Many fans of the breed choose to get two rather than one.
They are incredibly intelligent and very easy to train. They are ranked as the fifth most intelligent dog of all the breeds where the marker for intelligence is ability to learn obey direct commands.
Care and Grooming
They require little pomp and ceremony when it comes to grooming. Their short hair can be brushed with a soft cloth or mitten to remove dirt and dust. They will require bathing only when your nose tells you it’s time.
They do require daily on lead walking this will enjoy off lead time as well however it is important with any large dog to ensure that you are properly trained and socialised your dog prior to letting it exercise even in designated off lead areas. The claws grow quickly and must be trimmed at least fortnightly though more often will likely be necessary
the breed is known to be affected by a number of genetic medical conditions including those that affect the heart, skeletal and vertebral instability in the condition known as Von Willebrand’s disease, a genetic bleeding disorder.
Is most important to speak to your breeder about these conditions on the possibility that your puppy might have them. Certainly there is genetic testing now for Von Willebrand’s disease so your puppy can be tested to this.
Heart disease in the form of Dilated cardiomyopathy is a serious problem to the breed and has seen this breed far more than any other. It is difficult to test for it that is certainly not difficult to determine whether there is history of this genetic condition in all breeders breed stock history.
As with all the large breeds issues of bloat and hip dysplasia are sometimes seen but no more often than in similar size dogs.
Suitability as a Pet
The Dobermann is not a dog for everyone. Certainly you will not find a family who is tossing up between a Dobermann, King Charles spaniel or an American cocker spaniel. They are a large, serious dog. Their high intelligence demands usage and those seeking 10 have respect for their size and power.
They are however incredibly loyal family dogs that will protect your property in addition to providing your family with their love and attention.
The Dobermann is not a dog should ever be purchased from anyone other than a registered Dobermann breeder and you should research the breed history in of your puppy thoroughly.