The Bearded Collie is the dog traditionally used by Scottish shepherds. They are a beautiful dog that makes a great family pet or show dog. They also still make good work dogs if that is what you need.
The body of the Bearded Collie is long and lean, as well as strong making this a great working dog. They have medium sized ears that lay close to the head and are covered in long hair. These dogs have a double coat, with the outer coat being shaggy and coarse and perfect for all types of weather. The coat of these dogs changes as they mature. A newborn puppy will be black, brown, or fawn with or without white markings. As they mature, their coat lightens into a gray or cream colour. The coat colour changes many times between birth and maturity. Once the dog is about a year old its coat colour will stop changing and be its final colour. These dogs are about 51-56 cm or 20 to 22 inches tall, and weight approximately 18-27 kg or forty to sixty pounds.
The Bearded Collie is a happy go lucky dog, full of tail wagging humour. They are affectionate and playful, but also lively and need lots of exercise and activity. They can be headstrong, so training is necessary and the trainer must be firm and patient. They should never be shy or aggressive. They are a stable and self confident animal, so long as they are getting the exercise and consistency that they need.
These dogs are prone to hip dysplasia, so you will want to make sure you visit the vet regularly to catch any health issue at its inception. Their dense coat can easily hide parasite infestations, so you will need to make sure you keep them clean. Their coat also sheds and can easily become matted. It is best if you brush your Bearded Collie once a day for half hour to an hour each and every day. These dogs also need lots of exercise, so long walks are necessary, as is the dog’s ability to run and play in an enclosed area.
The Bearded Collie originated in England, and is one of the country’s oldest breeds. The breed was started in 1514 by breeding a Polish sheepdog and Old English sheep dogs. The dogs were used in Scotland for herding sheep and cattle for centuries. It is also called the Highland Collie for this reason. The Bearded part of the name comes from the beard like fur that grows down from the chin. Collie is the Scottish word for herding dog. The breed nearly became extinct in the Second World War. The breed was brought back to life in 1944 by an English breeder. The first litter of Collies was not born in the United States until 1967. To this day they are still considered a rare breed.