Breed Type: Spitz / Toy
Country of Origin: Germany / Poland
Also known as: “Pom”
Size: Small Weight 2 -3.5kg, Height 15-28cm
Care Requirements: Moderate / HIgh
Exercise Requirements: Low
Best Suited to: Family pet or companion dog
The Pomeranian is a dog full of both energy and enthusiasm. Weighing between 1.5 and 3 kg, the toy breed makes a wonderful family pet, but the Pomeranian craves attention and it is important to make the ground rules clear early-on. History suggests the Pomeranian is a member of the Spitz family and named after a region of Poland and East Germany.
However, if not properly trained from an early age, the Pomeranian will become extremely demanding later in life which can take its toll. The Pomeranian can live for about 15 years with proper and appropriate care. The breed is also an effective watchdog because of its intelligence and alertness. The Pomeranian skyrocketed in popularity when Queen Victoria brought one of the dogs back from Italy and a score of famous Europeans have expressed interest in the breed over the years.
The Pomeranian is a diminutive dog, weighing about 2kg on average. The breed’s coat is its most impressive feature. It has two coats – an undercoat and a top coat. The top coat stands out, while the undercoat is soft and thick and will shed in the summer months. The dog also has medium sized eyes and small ears. Its jaws are also strong, which enables it to achieve a “scissor” bite with its upper teeth overlapping its bottom row. The Pomeranian also has a short neck, but its body is compact and well-rounded, making it a strong breed. The Pomeranian comes in a range of whole colours, including white, black, light or dark brown and pale blue. Interestingly, female Poms weight more than their male counterparts.
The Pomeranian temperament
The Pomeranian loves activity and is intelligent and loyal. However it is also important to be aware that the Pomeranian may not interact well with children. They are effective watch dogs and can deliver a loud bark when required. The breed also possesses hunting instincts. It is a friendly and loyal companion.
Breed health issues
Unfortunately, the Pomeranian can be susceptible to dislocated knees and this may require surgery. As they grow older, the Pomeranian may lose patches of hair, while tooth loss and bacteria are other problems associated with the breed. This is perhaps because as a small breed they are less likely to be fed bones which help clean their teeth. Pomeranians, in the main, require just a pinch of special attention and can be groomed in less than one hour a day. Brushing the Pomeranian is an effective way to groom it as well as allowing a closer bond to develop at the same time. Remember the Pom craves attention!
The Pom is a fine looking specimen which requires daily attention. If trained correctly -and taught that every demand will not be met from an early age -a relationship with a Pomeranian can be extremely rewarding. Remember, this breed wants attention more than anything, but giving it the right sort of attention is most important. The Pom is active and affectionate and the breed thrives on keeping active.
(Editor’s note – My neighbour has the funniest Pomeranian… he is ball mad. Will never stop chasing a ball and bringing it to you. He will happily try and bite a ball out of your hand but is clever enough to know when his teeth touch skin to not bite down. 100 times he bit the ball out of my hand one day, not once did he even scratch my fingers. Uncanny)