The Lusitano Horse is the Portuguese variant of the Iberian Horse. However, this has only been its official name (from Lusitania the old Latin for Portugal) since 1966. They are excellent in the Portuguese bullfighting ring, which is regarded as an art form and the bull is not killed.
The Lusitano and the Andalucian share the same genetic background and character, although there are differences of detail in conformation. For instance, the Lusitano’s croup is usually more sloped, with the tail set lower in consequence, and the convexity of the head is more pronounced. All kinds of grey and bay are found in both breeds, as well as the occasional and very striking mulberry shade. In both, the mane and tail are particularly luxurious.
The Lusitano is used as a pleasure mount, for dressage, farm work and light draft work. They are excellent riding horses, having a levelheaded temperament. They are clever, sensible, brave and well balanced.
Usually grey the horse can be any solid colour and usually stands 15 to 16 hh. They are compact, have powerful hindquarters, a high-stepping action, with a thick mane and tail. They have a pronounced roman nose, with a wide forehead, unlike the Andalusian’s straighter profile, due to the Arabian blood infused into it. They also have a more sloping croup and higher-set tail, as well as straighter shoulders than the Andalusian. They have a short, thick neck, a broad chest, well-sprung ribs, and short back. They are powerful and strong, due to their muscular hindquarters and strong, long legs.