Breed Category: Gundog
Country of Origin: England
Average Size:40-45 cm (at the withers)
Average Weight:17-24 kg
Average Life Span: 10-12 years
Grooming Requirements: Medium
Exercise Requirements: High
The Field Spaniel originated in England in the mid 19th century and was bred to assist hunters in finding and retrieving game. It was originally used a show dog because of its all black colouring, which made it unsuitable for hunting. As the breed expanded, its colouring varied and it became used predominantly as a hunting and companion dog.
It is very similar in appearance and personality to the Cocker Spaniel and was not considered its own breed until the last century. Though it is now its own distinct breed, its numbers are very low and the Field Spaniel is threatened by extinction. Among those who are familiar with it, the Field Spaniel makes a wonderful and gentle breed.
The Field Spaniel is a medium-sized dog that is muscular and has high stamina. It has a very poised, sober look and warm, kind eyes. The Field Spaniel’s fur is smooth, sleek, water-resistant and naturally wavy. It comes in black, liver and golden liver, though it may also have spots of tan or white. Its coat needs semi-annual trimming but only requires brushing in between grooming sessions.
It has dark, almond-shaped eyes and long, feathered and low-set ears. The muzzle of the Field Spaniel is long and its nose is typically a lighter shade of its coat. Its tail may be docked in parts of the world where this practice is allowed. Left naturally, the Field Spaniel has a feathered tail that is medium in length.
It has an average size of 40-45 cm and an average weight of 17-24 kg.
This breed is naturally gentle, affectionate and intelligent. Due to its long history as a hunting dog, this breed inherently desires exercise and activity. Without spending enough time outdoors, boredom and undesirable behaviour may set in. It has a tendency to wander if it picks up a scent, so having a fenced in yard is important when this dog spends time outdoors. If the Field Spaniel does not participate in hunting, agility may be a viable outlet for its natural energy.
The Field Spaniel loves human companionship and is extremely loyal to its family, though it may be initially shy with new people. With proper socialisation, it also gets along with animals and children who treat it gently. It may intentionally avoid children who are too rough, though the dog is not usually prone to responding aggressively.
This is a smart breed, so it is important that the owner is confident and firm in his or her leadership to keep this intelligent dog from assuming dominance.
This breed is not typically afflicted with genetic conditions. It may, however, be prone to vision problems such as cataracts and retinal atrophy, ear infections or hip dysplasia.
The average Field Spaniel has an average lifespan of 10-12 years.