The Brabant horse also noticed the Belgian heavy draught horse is one of the most famous and influential of all the heavy horse breeds to come out of Europe. Initially known as the Flanders horse, its genetic makeup found its way into breeds such as the Clydesdale, the Shire as was the Suffolk Punch. It is also believed that they were used to increase the size of horses or later used to establish the Irish draught breed.
The Brabant horse origins
An ancient European breed, the Brabant holds a place in history are no other heavy horse. It’s thought perhaps they are a direct descendant of the primitive Forest horse, one of the earliest types of horse. There are historical records of the Brabant from Roman times, Julius Caesar may date of them as a willing untiring workhorse. Now virtually unseen in Belgium they remain popular heavy horses in the US.
SELECTION AND IN-BREEDING
Throughout history Belgium like many other European countries saw invaders regularly on its soil. The Belgian heavy horse breeders worked hard to ensure these lighter cavalry horses were not involved in the breeding program of their local heavy horse.
These people have far more need of a heavy horse for working the land than they did from light cavalry horse. Rather than accepting and integrating foreign gene stock, they follow a policy of stringent selection with inbreeding preferred when numbers were low rather than the introduction of foreign gene stock. The result was a horse with established definite lines extremely versatile with exceptional power.
The development of the breed took place mainly in the area of Brabant thus resulting in the horse being known as the Brabant horse.
IMPORTANT BRABANT LINES
Three main lines emerged by 1870 though there were not huge conformational differences between the three lines. First came Orange I, the founding stallion in the line of massive bay horses titled line Gros de la Dendre.
The stallion Bayard founded the line Gris du Hainaut, whose progeny had the colouring of grey, dun, and sorrel or red-roan. It is worth noting that red roan is a typical colour scene in primitive courses thus emphasising the ancient roots of this breed
The third line of Prabhat horses was founded by Jean I, a large bay horse blind most grandly and perhaps aptly named Colosses de la Mehaique. The horses in this line were exceptionally strong and were known to having massive and durable legs.
Demand for the Brabant peaked near the end of the 19th century as Belgian horses regularly won international competitions. Brabant stay in the name of brilliant won the International Championship at Parisin 1887 and went on to further victories in the following years in London, Lille, and Hanover. Almost 2 decades Brabant dominance then followed when in 1900 his grandson, R ve d’Or, became world champion, and after him, there was the “super-champion”Avenir d’Herse.
CHARACTERISTICS OF the Belgian heavy horse
The Brabant it is powerful massive and tall standing around 1.68 1.73 m high (16.2 to 17 hands high). Back is short and compact, legs are exceptionally well muscles short and sturdily built and well feathered. He is proportionally small bow square and plain. Eyes alert and expression is intelligent. One wouldn’t describe their action is elegant but it is efficient and well-suited to the heavy work they were bred for and our excellent walkers. Not unlike many other horses of heavy build, the kind of temperament and easy to handle