The Sphynx cat is extremely rare breed of cat that is quickly recognisable by its lack of fur.

Appearance
The Sphynx cat is somewhat Siamese in appearance with an angular face and bat style ears. The large ears sing proportionally larger because of the lack of fur on the face of the Sphynx cat. They are not absolutely hairless but they are certainly too sparsely haired for it to be noticeable.

Kittens appear to be borne with twice as much skin is what they need and are very wrinkly and crinkly up until early adulthood.  This in itself is a rough texture much like that of a chamois. Not only is their fur missing that quite often they are born without eyelashes or whiskers though not in all cases.

Their skin is coloured in the same patterns as if they were fully furred cat – if you shave all the further from a cabbie tortoiseshell or solid colours cat you would find they also have skin patterns matching their fur patterns.

History
The breed initially started in 1966 with the birth of a hairless male kitten which was given the name prune.  Upon reaching maturity it was mated with its own mother and another hairless kitten resulted.  The breeding program was commenced to try and create a new breed that they were stymied by the lack of individuals to breed from.  Many of the kittens born to the program did not make it to adulthood and with females that did make it suffering convulsions and thus not being suitable to be included in the breeding program.  By 1980 the breeding program has foundered.

A new programme was started separately in 1975 with the birth of two hairless female kittens named epidermis and dermis. Their parents were unremarkable barn cats in Minnesota that had no ties to the previous hairless cats.  With no hairless males to mate with, on reaching maturity epidermis and dermis were bred with Devon Rex cats -the idea being that since the Devon Rex was only lightly haired cat was more likely to result in hairless kittens.
The results were not staggering with the offspring of these Devon Rex crosses suffering from a variety of health issues.  The breed was eventually created in its modern form by crossbreeding with a variety of different cat breeds and thus widening the gene pool. Even now outcrossing is still permitted within certain guidelines

Temperament
The Sphynx cat is described as being perhaps the most affectionate of cats though there is debate about their motives for such affection. They are extremely extroverted like a Siamese and are highly curious and intelligent and whilst much of their affection is due to their nature part of it surely must be a desire to seek out the constant heat supply.

With no fur to insulate them they are at the mercy of their environment. They will seek to spend a great deal of time travel but with their own to reassure themselves but also to keep warm. They are completely unsuitable as an outdoor cat.

Care Requirements
though you won’t even need to brush your Sphynx cat their care requirements are not less than that of the furred cat. Their skin still naturally secretes the oil than a furred cat secrets however instead of being absorbed into the fur and somewhat whisked away from the skin it tends to build up on the skin of the Sphynx cat.  As result they require regular bathing at least once a week.

Fur provides installation against cold and protection from the sun to the Sphynx cat is very much an indoor cat as outside it will not cope with large temperature changes and they are also particularly susceptible to sunburn.

The lack of fur is not just a lack of skin furred means a lack of defined hair in their ears which protects dirt and dust from building up in net years along with skin oil and earwax so make sure when you bath them you also pay particular attention to their ears. Those Sphynx cat’s that are also missing whiskers have a greater tendency to get themselves in places where they do not fit.Whiskers are used by cats to measure the width of holes or spaces to push through that without these whiskers your Sphynx cat will instead use its body and make itself to put into a space that is too small resulting in them getting stuck.  They are known as the most inquisitive of cats and it’s perhaps this lack of whiskers that makes them so as they lack the equipment that other cats have to warn them are proceeding in a dangerously confined environment.

Are they are low allergy cat?
Surprisingly no. In most cases where people have a allergy to cats is not Further have an allergy to it as a Proteins that is found in the saliva sebaceous glands of the cat. This protein remains in the Sphynx cat they do still clean themselves regardless that they don’t have fur same facts as a result of this Sphynx Can trigger a high allergic reaction in some people as the saliva is transmitted more easily from the skin that would have been from the fur of a traditional cat.

In Australia
Rare in the world they are even rarer in Australia with only a handful of breeders breeding the variety in small numbers

Suitability as  Pet
the Sphynx cat is a high maintenance cat. They are clearly well suited for apartment life as they really should never be allowed outside. They require more maintenance than a normal cat they do however require different maintenance. Without your company your Sphynx cat will likely pine so they are not cat for someone with a busy life outside their home.

If you are seeking a companion animal with whom you will spend the majority of your time Sphynx cat is wonderful in this regard affair so affectionate, loyal, intelligent and curious.