The Lokai and Tersk horses are both native to  the country of Russia.  The Lokai is a very small horse, and could technically be a pony.  The Tersk is a fairly new breed, being developed in the early 20th century.  They are both warm blood horses, with good temperaments, and both are suitable for a variety of uses.

Lokai Horse

The Lokai horse is a small horse thought to date back to the 16th century.  They were bred and developed by nomadic peoples called the Uzbek-Lokai.  The Uzbek-Lokai made their homes in the mountains of Central Asia, and from the harsh conditions found there, the Lokai horse arose.  They were used for a variety of tasks, from riding, to driving to packing heavy loads.  As time went on the horses were improved using Arabian, Akhal-Teke, and Karabir horses.  More recently they have been infused with Thoroughbred blood, as well as Tersk blood.

In general, the horses are kept in herds at pasture year round.  This has led to the development of horses that are extremely tough and durable, though they tend to be smaller in stature.  They posses some speed, and are oftentimes tested on racetracks as youngsters.  They are also  a very popular mount for a game called Kokpar, where the players fight over the carcass of a dead goat.  They are also used as endurance horses, as well as for their original purposes such as packing and farm work.

In appearance, the Lokai is a smaller, lighter looking animal.  Their bodies more closely resemble ponies, yet they have refined, horse like heads, and are fairly well-balanced in structure.  On average they stand around 14.3 hands tall, and are extremely tough and sturdy.  Their heads tend to be plain and straight in profile, and they have shorter, more muscular necks.  They also have nicely sloped shoulders, deep and wide chests, broad backs, wider withers, and very muscular hindquarters.  Their legs are strong, with well defined tendons that are capable of staying sound over rough terrain.  They also tend to be cow hocked, and have splayed feet, both of which are considered conformational defects, but do not seem to affect the horses in any negative ways.  They are generally bay, chestnut or gray, though they can be black or palomino.

There is also a genetic strain of Lokai that has a curly hair coat.  These are usually descendants of a stallion named Farfor, who had a curly coat, and was bred extensively from the years 1955 to 1970.  The Lokai has a very willing temperament, and tends to be quiet and calm.

Tersk Horse

The Tersk horse is a new bred, having only come into existence in the early 20th century.  It too was bred in the former Soviet Union, between the 1920’s and the 1940’s.  The breed was developed at the Tersk and Stavropol stud farms.  One of the main people involved in the creation of this new breed was a gentleman by the name of  Marshal S.M. Budyonny.  The main blood influences were the Strelets Arabians, whose numbers were dwindling.  The stallions Tsilindr and Tsenitel were bred with a variety of mares to form the core of the new breed.  The remainder of the Strelets Arabians were absorbed into the Tersk breed.

The early Tersk possessed many great Arabian qualities.  These were improved upon by three other Arab stallions named Marosh, Kohelilan and Nasim.  The breed continues to better its bloodlines through infusions of Don, Thoroughbred, Arab and Kabardin blood.  The breed was recognised as official in the year 1948, and since then, it has been extremely successful in creating a unique phenotype over a short period of time.

While the Tersk appears to be a fragile creature, it is, in fact, extremely tough and enduring.  They are popular as endurance horses, and have great stamina and speed.  They are also extremely athletic, with great movement, and so are used in the dressage ring, as well as for show jumping and eventing.  They are very fast, and frequently race against Arabians and do quite well.  They are intelligent and quick learners, and have a calm temperament.

In appearance, the Tersk is quite beautiful.  They are the epitome of refinement, even down to their thin and delicate skin.

Their heads are very attractive, with eyes that are expressive and a finely tapered muzzle.  Their necks are well formed, they have sloping shoulders, a broad and deep chest, a nice and broad back, and strong, sturdy legs.  They have a lighter frame, and light and refined bone.  They stand approximately 15 hands tall, and are generally gray in color, though they can be found as chestnuts,