Botia is a genus of freshwater fish in the Loach family (Cobitidae). It was a large genus with about 20 species. In 2004 Maurice Kottelat proposed in his paper (along with the description of Botia kubotai, see References below) to divide the genus into four related genera based on the fish appearance and locality:
Botia for Indian loaches (shorter body).
Chromobotia for Clown loach.
Parabotias are quite like the tiger loaches, mostly chinese.
Syncrossus for tiger loaches (elongated body).
Yasuhikotakia for Mekong loaches (shorter body).
The fish in these genera possesses a pair of spines under the eye sockets. They are normally hidden but may be extracted when the loach feels threathened. This behavior is infrequently observed. However, care has to be taken when catching it using fishnet as the extracted spines may get entangled to the nets causing injury. One special capability of these loach group is the ability to produce loud “clicking” noise. It is commonly heard during feeding time. Many loach individuals prefer to sleep on their side or other strange positions.
The most well known fish of the group is the Clown Loach (Chromobotia macracanthus), which is often kept by aquarists.
Botia almorhae – Yo-Yo Loach, Pakistani Loach
Botia beauforti – Chameleon Loach (now Syncrossus beauforti)
Botia berdmorei (now Syncrossus berdmorei)
Botia dario – Bengal Loach, Queen Loach
Botia histrionica – Golden Zebra Loach
Botia hymenophysa – Banded Loach, Tiger Loach, Zebra Loach (now Syncrossus hymenophysa)
Botia kubotai – Burmese Border Loach
Botia lecontei – Silver Loach (now Yasuhikotakia lecontei)
Botia macracanthus – Clown loach, Tiger Botia (now Chromobotia macracanthus)
Botia modesta – Orangefin Loach (now Yasuhikotakia modesta)
Botia morleti – Skunk Loach (now Yasuhikotakia morleti)
Botia nigrolineata (now Yasuhikotakia nigrolineata)
Botia rostrata – Sergeant Major Loach
Botia sidthimunki – Dwarf Loach, Ladderback Loach, Pygmy Loach (now Yasuhikotakia sidthimunki)
Botia striata – Zebra Loach